Reactive Web

Simplify Your Lift


Reactive-web is a new framework for writing highly interactive and dynamic web applications. It’s written in Scala, sits on top of Lift, and uses the Functional Reactive Programming library reactive-core (it’s in the same repository).

As in GWT, you can code the user interface in the same language as the rest of your application (except in Scala instead of Java), rather than writing JavaScript. Unlike GWT, however, you don’t need an extra build step to convert your code to JavaScript. You can easily combine code that runs on the browser with code that runs on the server. And, you can declare dynamic relationships between components, like binding in Flex/JavaFX/etc. (only much more powerful).

Your webapp can interact with browser elements as if they were regular objects inside the JVM. You can handle events from DOM elements in your code, and you can update DOM objects by mutating the corresponding object. And you can assign dynamically evaluated expressions, and the browser will update automatically (more easily and powerfully than with Lift’s built in wiring). These relationships can be enforced from within the browser, or they can involve the server if need be.

Reactive has powerful support for incremental updates. So you can have a set of items transformed it in all sorts of ways and rendered, and when the set of items changes, only the necessary changes will be made to the DOM.

It is extremely testable. You can write Selenium-style tests — but they don’t require starting up a browser or Jetty, and your tests can access and interact with both the "user interface" as well as the server-side objects (such as the contents of a snippet class).

You can use it within a regular Lift application, in one place or throughout. Or you can use it to completely change the kind of webapps you write. No longer do webapps have to be less dynamic than GUI applications. (You can even use it to build a rich desktop GUI app — just run Jetty embedded!)

Its functional design works very well with the Lift template binding mechanisms, so you can keep view design completely separate from your code.

Updates that are computed on the server can arrive at the browser as part of the original page load, as part of an ajax response (if they occurred during an ajax call), via Lift’s comet mechanism, or via Html5 EventSource. It all happens automatically, so you don’t have to worry about which; reactive-web will select the one that’s most appropriate.

To find out more about reactive-core and reactive-web, just explore the menu bar above. The Getting Started guide is here.

You can discuss reactive on the scala-user mailing list. Looking forward to your feedback!

The code is at Note that while there is still much to be done, it’s more in terms of completeness (like adding more elements and properties, and more features) than in terms of plumbing or usability.

Some planned features include:

  • Onsubmit event, so you can use it when JavaScript is not enabled or supported
  • JavaScript signals (event streams are already implemented)
  • Widgets, from scratch and/or ExtJS etc.